This course aims to introduce you to the fundamentals of fluid mechanics and its importance and application in process engineering like (Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Chemical Engineering). The focus will be on solving fluid flow problems and the design of pipelines and equipment for fluid transport. Don’t worry if you find this course difficult or just start this course this is very detailed 15 Hours Course which starts from very basic level and can make you expert in this course at your home.

So you can definitely prepare for your Fluid Mechanics Exams and surely can score the highest grades in your class.

**Textbooks used for this course**

**Fluid Mechanics by Yunus A. Cengel, John M. Cimbala****Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 6th Edition By Munson**

A very detailed course for understanding almost every concept of fluid mechanics and know-how to solve practice problems.

Section 1

Introduction to Fluid Mechanics

Application Area of Fluid Mechanics

Dimensions and Importance of Dimensions and Units

Dimensional Homogeneity and Unity with example problems

Calculation of Dimensional Analysis

Dimensionless Numbers (Reynolds, Bingham & Nusselt Number)

Measures of Fluid Mass and Weight (Density, Specific Weight, Specific Gravity) and Relation between Density and Specific Weight

Classification of Fluid Flow (Internal and External, Compressible and Incompressible, Laminar and Turbulent, Steady and Unsteady)

Calculation of Reynold, Bingham & Nusselt numbers (Dimensionless Numbers)

Section 2

Nature of Fluids (The no Slip Condition in Fluid Dynamics)

Shear Stress in Moving Fluid, (Derivation Shear stress is directly proportional to strain rate)

Viscosity and Fluid Types (Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluid)

Shear Thickening Fluids and Shear Thinning Fluid

Numericals Related to Newton Law of Viscosity (Newtonian Fluid)

Calculation of Shear Stresses

Velocity Profiles

Section 3

Pressure (Fluid Pressure and Hydrostatic Pressure)

Calculation of Specific Gravity

Manometry (Piezometer, U tube manometer, Differential Monometer)

Questions related to Monometer for pressure calculation

Buoyancy and Steps for solving Buoyancy Questions

Numericals related to Buoyancy

Lecture 4

Fluid Flow Rates

Continuity Equation

Calculation of Fluid Flow Rate using Continuity Equation

Commercially Available Pipe and Tubing (Steel Pipe, Steel Tubing, Copper Tubing, Ductile Iron Pipe)

Pipe Selection Aid

Question calculation of Volume Flow Rate by Pipes and Tubes Table

Determine Pipe Size and Tube Size from Tables

Conservation of Energy (Bernoulli’s Equation),

Derivation of Bernoulli’s Equation

Interpretation of Bernoulli’s Equation

Restriction on Bernoulli’s Equation

Numericals related to Bernoulli’s Equation

Problem-related to the calculation of volumetric flow rate through the nozzle using Bernoulli’s Equation

Application of Bernoulli’s Equation (Tanks, Reservoirs, and Nozzles Exposed to the Atmosphere)

Calculation of volumetric flow rate in Venturi Meter

Torricelli’s Theorem

Questions related to Torricelli’s Theorem

Section 5

General Energy Equation (Pumps, Fluid Motors, Fluid Friction, Valves, and Fittings)

Mechanical Energy and Efficiency

Nomenclature of Energy Losses and Addition

Questions Related to Energy Equation

Power Required by the Pumps

Mechanical Efficiency of Pumps

Numericals related to Pumps

Calculation of Mechanical Efficiency of the Pump

Power Delivered to Fluid Systems

Mechanical Efficiency of Fluid

Calculation of Power Delivered to Fluid and its Mechanical Efficiency

Lecture 6

Critical Reynolds Number

Reynolds Number for closed non-circular cross-sections

Hydraulic Radius for non-circular pipes

Solving Problems using Moody’s Chart

Calculation of Reynolds Number for non-circular pipes

Friction Loss in non-circular cross-section

Calculation of Friction loss using Moody’s Chart

Energy Loss due to Friction

Darcy’s Equation

Friction Loss in Laminar and Turbulent Flow

Section 7

Minor Looses

Sudden Enlargement and losses due to Sudden Enlargements,

Calculation of energy loss due to sudden enlargement

Exit loss and calculation of energy loss due to exit loss

Gradual Enlargement and calculation energy loss due to gradual enlargement

Sudden Contraction and calculation of energy loss due to sudden contraction

Entrance Loss and calculation of energy loss due to Entrance

Minor Losses (through Valves and Fittings) with procedure for calculation

Resistant Coefficient for Valves & Fittings

Calculation of all the energy loses in moving fluid

Section 8

Flow Measurement

Flow meters selection factors

Variable head meters, Venturi, Flow Nozzle, Orifice

Variable Area Flow Meters

Rotameter

Flow Rate and Velocity Measurements

Velocity Probes

Open Channel Flow Measurement (Weirs, Rectangle Notch, Contracted Weir, Triangle Weir)

Section 9

Positive Displacement Pumps

Reciprocating Pumps

Rotary Pump

Kinetic Pump

Self-Priming Pump

Centrifugal Pump

Affinity Law for centrifugal pumps

Numerical using Affinity Law

Manufacturer's data for centrifugal pumps

Effect of Impeller Size

Power and Efficiency of Pumps

Cavitation

Vapor Pressure

NPSH Margin

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